How many capitals would drill their central part only because a church is 70 cm higher than the surface?

Magdalina Stancheva





I didn’t dream of becoming an archaeologist. Circumstances which I will mention below propelled me into this line of activity. Sometimes I jokingly say that I became an archaeologist out of poverty, but this joke is very near the truth. Later archaeology became my profession and the antiquities of Sofia became my destiny. The first digs in Sofia where I had to work when I was still working on a day wage at the Archaeology Museum were at the excavations for the building of the Communist Party headquarters - with a capital P of course. This is where my odyssey as a building site archaeologist began. It concluded at the other end of the largo, where one of the central underground stations was built. This encompassed all of thirty-two years, from 1948 to 1980.

Magdalina Stancheva


Sofia /

Sofia – from antiquity to new ages

History periods of are not always separated from each other with clearly defined boundaries. The processes characteristic of a dawning age are often deeply rooted in preceding times. With the end of the 17th century, the last days of the long period of the Bulgarian Middle Ages also came to an end. It already laid the foundations and the spirit of the new age to come – the age of the National Revival. Still many decades of effort and sacrifice would come to pass before a small and independent Bulgarian territory could appear on the Balkan map.

The 1879 Great National Assembly chose Sofia as its capital city.

This thousand-year-old city entered a new age, as if having shed the burden of the past.

In the first half of the 20th century Sofia became a beautiful and cozy European city. Yet, the Second World War once again changed its fortunes and enforced on it, together with the whole of the country, dependence on a foreign power.

Sofia entered the 21st century once again filled with hope for a better future for the Bulgarian people, for their country and their capital city. This is a book about the ancient history of this city. It needs to be reminded because the dynamics of the city’s development increased its population from twenty thousand to a million and half in less than a century and a half.

Today the residents of Sofia would feel a deeper connection with the city if they are acquainted with its past.

Sofia – from antiquity to new ages
by Magdalina Stancheva

Download PDF:

Този уебсайт се реализира със специалната подкрепа на:

Програма „Културно наследство и културен туризъм“ на Национален фонд "Култура"
Министерство на културата
Програма „Култура" на Столична община

© Copyright - NBU - Vesselina Vassileva & Bogdana Bogdanova